The use of lasers in dentistry has several applications and has long been known to simplify dental procedures with precision. The accuracy of a particular dental procedure would rest on the dentist's ability to carry out the procedure. It would also rely on his/her ability to control the laser's power output and how long it gets exposed to the tissues of the oral cavity.
Dental treatment with lasers can be used to perform several procedures that may involve hard or soft tissues.
What are the benefits of laser dentistry?
Laser dentistry offers both the patient and dentist with several benefits such as:
- Procedures are non-surgical and would not require sutures or stitches
- Almost all procedures would not require the use of anesthesia
- Reduces bleeding while performing procedures as the high-energy laser beam would aid in clotting and thereby inhibits loss of blood
- Minimizes the chances of attaining infection as laser sterilizes the surface
- It promotes faster healing of tissues
What are the types of dental laser?
There are several hard and soft tissue lasers used for carrying out dental procedures in adults and children. The types of dental lasers are:
Hard tissue lasers
Hard tissue lasers are engineered to cut through hard surfaces. These lasers include the Erbium YAG and Erbium chromium YSGG. They are applicable for cutting into the bone with extreme precision. Some of the dental procedures that can be carried out with hard tissue laser are dental fillings, treating tooth sensitivity, and detecting cavities.
Soft tissue lasers
Soft tissue lasers can generate a beam of laser light that is highly absorbable by liquids, such as water and hemoglobin. They are useful for treating soft tissue dental procedures. Common soft tissue lasers include Neodymium YAG. They also can destroy bacteria and activate the regeneration of tissues. They penetrate deep into the tissues and at the same time, seal blood vessels and nerve endings. Soft tissue lasers have a wide range of applications on procedures such as crown lengthening, gum correction, frenectomy, and epulis.
Other Applications of Laser in Dentistry
The use of lasers in dentistry also has different applications. They can also help treat benign tumors, cold sores, sleep apnea, teeth whitening, temporomandibular joint treatment, gum disease, etc.
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