Root canal treatment is also known as endodontics, which is a set of specialized procedures designed to treat problems related to the soft pulp tissue inside the tooth. Some mistakenly think of it as a painful treatment, but in most cases, the process is as comfortable as getting a dental filling. It is considered as one of the most effective ways of getting relief from all kinds of tooth pain.
A root canal therapy gets necessary when infection or inflammation develops in the tooth's pulp tissue and also feel intense pain. Pulp tissue is composed of blood vessels, connective tissue, and nerve cells. If not treated, it can cause a dental abscess, and might even contribute to systemic problems in other parts of the body.
What are the causes of root canal problems?
Root canal problems usually occur from infection and inflammation of the tooth's pulp tissue. The leading cause of infection is deep tooth decay. The dental cavities that are left untreated let the bacteria to work their way down to the tooth's center, infecting the pulp tissue. Another way for the bacteria to come into contact with the pulp may be due to chipped or cracked teeth. If there is an opening in the protective enamel coating, then it can allow bacteria access to the pulp of the tooth.
The major cause of pulp tissue damage is trauma to the tooth, which is mostly caused by a sports injury or automobile accident. You should seek treatment immediately in such a situation, to prevent any future problems. Having multiple fillings or restorations on the same tooth over and over can increase the chances of serious injury.
What can you expect during root canal therapy?
If the dental examination shows that your teeth require root canal therapy, then the endodontist will discuss the problem and prepare you for the root canal. The endodontist begins the root canal process by numbing the tooth and the surrounding area using local anesthesia. The endodontist creates a small opening in the surface of the affected tooth to give access to the pulp chamber and root canals. He removes the dead and dying pulp tissue from inside the narrow passageways using specific dental instruments.
The pulp chamber and empty canals are cleaned, disinfected, and prepared for a filling of inert, biocompatible material. Finally, with adhesive cement, the opening in the tooth is sealed, preventing future infection. After the treatment, your tooth might feel some sensitivity or tenderness for a few days. If you feel any discomfort, consume the prescribed medicine.
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